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COUNCIL OF STATE
 

FUNCTIONS
The Council of State has the Prime Minister as ex officio President and a number of Law Councillors who are appointed by the King upon the recommendation of the Council of Ministers from qualified persons with knowledge and experience in law, political science, economics, social science or public administration. The Council of State performs the consultative functions which are, viz.
(a) to draft laws, by-laws, rules, regulations or notifications upon direction of the Prime Minister or resolution of the Council of Ministers;
(b) to give legal advice to State agencies or State enterprises or upon direction of the Prime Minister or resolution of the Council of Ministers;
(c) to submit opinions or remarks to the Council of Ministers on the need for new legislation or the revision, amendment or the repeal of existing legislation.

ORGANISATION
In the performance of duties, the Law Councillors meet as a Committee. At present, there are 108 Law Councillors divided into 12 Law Committees, each of which consists of 9 Law Councillors. Each Committee deals with certain different area of law as follows:
(1) 1st Law Committee, dealing with laws related to politics and public governance;
(2) 2nd Law Committee, dealing with laws related to State administration;
(3) 3rd Law Committee, dealing with laws related to monetary system;
(4) 4th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to transportation and communication;
(5) 5th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to industry and energy;
(6) 6th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to international relations;
(7) 7th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to natural resources and environment;
(8) 8th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to education, religion, arts, culture and sports;
(9) 9th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to social welfare;
(10) 10th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to public health;
(11) 11th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to civil and criminal justice process;
(12) 12th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to public finance;
(13) 13th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to public sector management;
(14) 14th Law Committee, dealing with laws related to commerce and business.

 
OFFICE OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE
 

In carrying out its duties, the Council of State is assisted by the Office of the Council of State (OCS) as its secretariat. In addition to serving as secretariat for the Council of State, the Office of the Council of State is also responsible for secretarial and technical works of the Law Reform Commission, the Code Revision Commissions and the Administrative Procedure Commission.



VISION

Our vision is to maintain the status as the central legal agency of the country which enjoys the reputation of having academic independence and deserving trust and confidence from the society in preparing draft legislation and providing legal recommendation and consultation in a way that is fully in conforms to the Rule of Law.



MISSIONS

1. to prepare draft legislation in a way that is accurate and complete for the use as a mechanism of State administration and providing justice to general members of the public;
2. to render legal opinion to State agencies for the purpose of laying down rules in performing official duties within the scope of legitimacy;
3. to improve laws of the country for the purpose of making law an instrument for economic and social development and protection of public interest;
4. to develop principles of administrative law for the purpose of providing guideline in discharging State functions to government officials;
5. to enhance knowledge and expertise in public law for government officials;
6. to be a centre for compiling and disseminating legal information of the country;
7. to provide training to legal counsels of Kritsadika and public lawyers from other State agencies for the purpose of equipping them with academic knowledge and making them specialists in performing duties related to the law. 

ORGANISATION

Under the provisions of the Council of State Act, B.E. 2522 (1979), the person in charge of OCS is the Secretary-General of the Council of State who is appointed by the King upon the recommendation of the Council of Ministers and with the approval of the National Assembly and is directly responsible to the Prime Minister. At present, the Secretary-General is assisted by 4 Deputy Secretary-Generals and 1 Assistant Secretary-General who are assigned responsibilities in supervising works of divisions of the OCS. In addition, there are also 9 Permanent Law Councillors (a position of expert Kritsadika legal counsel) who are responsible for providing academic support to the Council of State or carrying out other tasks as assigned by the Secretary-General or the Deputy Secretary-Generals. In 2014, the personnel of the Office are at a number of 379 officials. In this number, there are 242 Kritsadika legal counsels.

For administrative purpose, the Office of the Council of State is currently divided into the divisions as follows:
1. Central Administration
   1.1. Law Reform Section
   1.2. Internal Audit Group
   1.3. Administration Development Group
   1.4. Anti-corruption Operation Centre
2. Secretary-General Office
   2.1. Achieves Section 
   2.2. Treasury Unit
   2.3. Personnel Unit 
   2.4. Public Relations and Support Unit
   2.5. Policy and Planning Unit
   2.6. Information Unit
3. Justice Process Law Division
   3.1. Civil Justice Process Law Section
   3.2. Criminal Justice Process Law Section
4. Financial and Treasury Law Division
   4.1. Financial Law Section
   4.2. Treasury Law Section
5. State Administration Law Division
   5.1. Political and Public Governance Law Section
   5.2. State Administration Law Section
6. Commercial and Industrial Law Division
   6.1. Trade and Industrial Law Section
   6.2. International Trade and Intellectual Property Law Section
7. Education and Cultural Law Division
   7.1. Basic Education and Sport Law Section
   7.2. Higher Education and Cultural Law Section
8. Natural Resources and Environmental Law Division
   8.1. Natural Resources Law Section
   8.2. Land, Construction and Agricultural Law Section
9. Technology and Communication Law Division
   9.1. Technology and Energy Law Section
   9.2. Communication Law Section
10. Social Welfare Law Division
   10.1. Social Welfare Law Section
   10.2. Public Health Law Section
11. Domestic Law Division
   11.1. Legal Information Section
   11.2. Special Affairs Section
   11.3. Law Library Section
12. Foreign Law Bureau 
   12.1. ASEAN and Foreign Affairs Section
   12.2. Legal Opinion and Translation Section
13. Administrative Law Bureau
   13.1. Administrative Law Development Section
   13.2. Administration Law Case and Analysis Section
14. Legislative Bureau
   14.1. Legislative Drafting Analysis Section
   14.2. Legislative Affairs Section
15. Public Lawyer Training and Development Institute
   15.1. Course Administration Section
   15.2. peration and Assessment Section
 

OTHER ROLES OF THE OFFICE OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE

Due to the fact that the Office of the Council of State is the central legal advisory body to the government, the Secretary-General of the Council of State always participates in decision-making process of the Council of Ministers, in particular, on the “point of law”. In this regard, the Secretary-General attends Council of Ministers’ meetings to deliver opinions related to legal matters under consideration of the Council of Ministers as its legal counselor. Furthermore, the Office of the Council of State has the duty under section 62 of the Council of State Act of 1979 to submit opinions on the need for new legislation or the amendment, revision or repeal of existing legislation as entrusted by the Council of Ministers or the Prime Minister.
The Office of the Council of State, by law, is to remain impartial in the course of performing its work. As the legal advisor of the government, it is to perform the duties to ensure that the administrative powers are exercised in accordance with the Rule of Law and for the public interest. 

CURRENT EXECUTIVES
Secretary-General:    Mr. Distat Hotrakitya
DeputySecretary-Generals :
• Mr. Niphon Hakimi
• Ms. Jaruvan Hengtrakool
• Mr. Wannachai Boonbumrung
• Mr. Pakorn Nilprapunt



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